Co powinna zawierać wartościowa ocena opisowa ucznia


What a valuable descriptive assessment of a student should contain

competence feedback learning relations
Co powinna zawierać wartościowa ocena opisowa ucznia
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2024-06-19 09:22:01
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The end of the school year is approaching, so this is one of the best times to sum up the past stage with the students and show them their achievements and the places they still need to work on a bit more. Those few words of feedback (i.e., feedback) can sometimes change one’s attitude toward oneself or one’s future learning, so it’s important to approach it seriously, but also with a smile.


Feedback in education is a descriptive evaluation – a few sentences that exude the good and bad points of a particular solution, job or behavior (including cooperation with others). The task of feedback is to point out places that need to be changed and those behaviors that should be continued.

In biology, there are two concepts that relate very strongly to this process: positive and negative feedback.

In positive feedback, we try to increase any changes and results, for example: by motivating the student to develop in the field and participate in competitions. We show that the student’s effort has been noticed, pointing out the good features of the work. In negative coupling, on the other hand, we aim to reduce and reduce them, for example: trying to reduce his inattention in class or reduce the number of spelling mistakes he makes.

In the case of feedback, we talk about positive and negative feedback.


How to give good feedback – tips

  • Get ready to give feedback! Analyze the work in question, the student’s skills or behavior. Catch the most important elements. Think about what you want to praise or where you see points for improvement.
  • Appreciate! Pay attention to what went well. Praise talents, successes, even those hidden from himself. Note and point out the effort he has put into his development.
  • Don’t criticize or rebuke! Constructive criticism is advisable. Especially substantive and concrete, because it indicates a possible direction of development. Never transmit a negative aura alone. Find something good. Also try not to use evaluative language.
  • Focus on action and the future! Consider how work, skills or behavior can be improved. What can the student do, you do, or what can you do together so that the student can develop further. Give practical advice.
  • Inspire as well as encourage further action!
  • Be detailed! Avoid generalities! Refer to specific events, situations, skills, pieces of work or solutions.
  • Mark specifically: what you are evaluating in a particular place and for what! Precisely indicate what the feedback or its components are about. Indicate what you noticed, what it was, and why you focused on it.
  • Don’t drift too far away! Try to make any feedback relevant to what you are evaluating. Don’t stray too far from the topic.
  • Bet on uniqueness! Let the feedback for each student be special and unique. This will show your commitment and interest in each student’s individual work.
  • Be objective! Don’t be swayed by your animosity toward the student or his development in other areas that you are not evaluating at the moment.
  • Add the personal aspect! Show your emotions or opinions. Express your appreciation for the work put in by the student.
  • Ask questions! Feedback does not have to be a monologue. Through questions, the student himself can think more deeply about a given problem.
  • Encourage further conversation! Offer consultation or assistance. If there is a need, talk more widely about the feedback given. Perhaps you misunderstood something, or your student doesn’t quite know what to do with the information provided.


Urszula Skorodziłło
Urszula Skorodziłło
Member of the Knowla Program Board
Cognitive scientist fascinated by the workings of the brain and the senses. She is involved in the creation and analysis of psychometric tools. At Knowli, she co-creates, consults on applications, creates lesson plans and makes sure the material is adapted for young audiences.

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